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Series on BIOMECHANICS   ISSN 1313-2458
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New concept of study of oral hygiene assessment in patients with orthopaedic treatment
N. A.Tamasidze, N.G. Mosemghvdlishvili, M.I. Nikolaishvili, M. Mantskava, S.R.Chikobava, M.A.Gogiberidze, A.G.Tamasidze
Abstract: This work was performed in dental clinic “Archil Tamasidze” and I. Beritashvili Center of Experimental Biomedicine. Thus, the index of dental plaque was reliably low in patients undergoing the treatment by aligners as compared with the patients with fixed bracket-systems. Non-removable orthodontic equipment affects marginal periodontal tissues and mouth hygienic condition more than removable one. In spite of observed considerable data spread, when comparing the initial level of antimicrobial peptide measured before placing the bracket systems, statistically significant differences were obtained. In mixed saliva in patients of basic group the content level of alpha-defensin was higher than in the control group. Three months after using bracket systems, value index significantly changed: in the group with inflammatory processes the content of alpha defensin decreased in periodontal tissues whilst in comparison group it increased. The changes in basic group after three months were significant. Thus data evaluation suggests that orthopaedic problems are accompanied by blood rheological changes that lead to the increase of plasma viscosity, red blood cells aggregability and decrease in red blood cells deformation. That is, blood rheology (see method) and delta of coagulation (the changes in the coagulation) changed while vascular endothelial dysfunction is present. These patients may be regarded as risky for cardiovascular problems.

Series on Biomechanics, Vol.30, No.2 (2016), 32-37
Keywords: Alpha-defense; orthodontic treatment; rheological status
Date published: 2016-12-21
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